Know Your Grammar
The following are common grammar question types that frequently appear on the SAT exam.
Common Error #1: Verb Tense
- Make sure all the tenses are uniform in one sentence. Do not shift from one tense to another.
Common Error #2: Subject/Verb Agreement
- A verb must agree with its subject.
Common Error #3: Apostrophes
- Apostrophes Make Nouns Possessive
- Apostrophes also create contractions (two words combined).
Common Error #4: They're vs. Their vs. There
- They're = They + Are
- Their: Possessive form of they (The girls lost their ball.)
- There: In or at that place (over there)
Common Error #5: Who's vs. Whose
- Who's = Who + Is (Who's going to the mall later?)
- Whose= Possessive of who (Whose sneakers are in the gym?")
Common Error #6: It's vs. Its
- It's = It is (It's going to rain today.)
- Its= Possessive form of it (The dog lost its collar.)
Common Error #7: Colons and Semicolons
- Colons introduce or emphasize a short phrase, quotation, explanation, example or list.
- Semicolons join two independent clauses without using the words for, and, nor, but, or, yet because or so.
Common Error #8: Commas
- Commas are used for many things, including to:
- Separate three or more items in a list,
- Separate two or more independent clauses when using for, and, nor, but, or, yet, and so,
- Set off introductory information from the main clause,
- Set off non-essential descriptive information within or at the end of a sentence,
- Separate a direct quote from the rest of the sentence, and
- Separate parts of dates and addresses.
Common Error #9: Who & Whom
- Use who and whom when you are referring to people, not things.
Common Error #10: Wordiness & Redundancy
- Keep it short and sweet.